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For more detailed information about PPE when caring for COVID-19 suspected or confirmed patients in healthcare settings, please refer to this ECDC technical document [6]. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/novel-coronavirus-personal-protective-equipment-needs-healthcare-settings.pdf
The average incubation period is estimated at 5 to 6 days, ranging from 0 to 14 days [1].
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1. World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation report – 29 2020 [updated 19 February 2020; cited 2020 25 February]. Geneva: WHO; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200219-sitrep-30-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=6e50645_2.
More disease background information is available online from ECDC [2] and WHO [3], and in the last ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment [4].
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4. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): increased transmission beyond China – fourth update 2020 [cited 2020 24 February]. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/SARS-CoV-2-risk-assessment-14-february-2020.pdf.pdf.
Face masks (surgical masks) mainly protect from exhaled droplets [5]; their use is recommended in case of shortage of respirators and on a case-by-case assessment.
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Further information can be found in the ECDC technical document ‘Safe use of personal protective equipment in the treatment of infectious diseases of high consequence’ [5].
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5. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Safe use of personal protective equipment in the treatment of infectious diseases of high consequence 2014 [cited 2020 25 February]. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/media/en/publications/Publications/safe-use-of-ppe.pdf.
For more detailed information about PPE when caring for COVID-19 suspected or confirmed patients in healthcare settings, please refer to this ECDC technical document [6].
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6. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Personal protective equipment (PPE) needs in healthcare settings for the care of patients with suspected or confirmed novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) 2020 [cited 2020 25 February]. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/novel-coronavirus-personal-protectiveequipment-needs-healthcare-settings.pdf.
Wearing (donning) the PPE Before wearing the PPE for managing a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case, proper hand hygiene should be performed following international recommendations [7].
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7. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO Guidelines on hand hygiene in health care 2009 [cited 2020 25 February]. Geneva: WHO; 2009. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44102/9789241597906_eng.pdf;jsessionid=3D5B6AF129FA5FA0F98F7D80DF80EC2D?sequence=1.