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Donald Hirsch at Loughborough University
On page 65 of PDF #1

All research cited by this document (explore the cited scholarly articles) (explore the cited policy documents)

International Monetary Fund
The more recent research by Olivier Blanchard and David Leigh of the International Monetary Fund (2013) and others identifies multiplier effects of government spending.
On page 59
Blanchard, O. and Leigh, D. (2013) Growth forecast errors and fiscal multipliers. IMF Working Paper WP/13/1. International Monetary Fund. Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2013/wp1301.pdf
On page 48
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Impacts on education services Bramley and Watkins (2008) present evidence that poverty affects education outcomes (and therefore lifelong incomes).
On page 22
Impacts on local authority personal social services Bramley and Watkins (2008) point out that the use of children’s social services is strongly associated with poverty.
On page 23
Impacts on local environmental services Bramley and Watkins (2008) find an association between street cleaning and other local environmental services, and poverty.
On page 23
Bramley, G. and Watkins, D. (2008) The public service costs of child poverty. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Available at: www.jrf.org.uk/publications/public-service-costs-child-poverty
On page 48
Bushe, S., Kenway, P. and Aldridge, H. (2014) How have low-income families been affected by changes to Council Tax Support? Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Available at: www.jrf.org.uk/ publications/low-income-families-changes-council-tax
On page 48
The UK Government
DWP (2011) DWP worklessness co-design, Interim Report, January 2011. Department for Work and Pensions. Available at: http://www.gov.uk/government/publications/dwp-worklessnessco-design
On page 48
Finn, D. and Goodship, J. (2014) Benefits take-up and poverty. In: Various authors (2014) Reducing poverty in the UK: A collection of evidence reviews. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Available at: http://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/reducing-poverty-in-the-uk-evidence-reviews
On page 48
The additional costs are within the context of what will be an estimated 30% reduction in local government spending between 2008 and 2015 (Hastings, et al., 2013).
On page 12
A JRF commissioned report, Coping with the cuts (Hastings, et al., 2013), categorised the sorts of services that are more likely to be used by poor communities.
On page 22
Hastings, A., Bailey, N., Besemer, K., Bramley, G., Gannon, M. and Watkins, D. (2013) Coping with the cuts? Local government and poorer communities. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Available at: www.jrf.org.uk/publications/coping-with-cuts
On page 49
Local Government Association
Inclusion (2013) The local impacts of welfare reform. Local Government Association and Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion. Available at: www.local.gov.uk/publications/-/journal_ content/56/10180/4098780/PUBLICATION
On page 49
Lawton, K. and Pennycook, M. (2013) Beyond the bottom line: The challenges and opportunities of a living wage. Institute for Public Policy Research and the Resolution Foundation. Available at: www.ippr.org/publications/beyond-the-bottom-line-the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-aliving-wage
On page 49
OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD))
In general local economies can be characterised on a spectrum from ‘low skills equilibrium’ to ‘high skills equilibrium’ – with a similar spectrum of pay levels (OECD, 2012).
On page 35
OECD (2012) Skills for competitiveness: Country report for United Kingdom. Green, A. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers, 2012/05. OECD Publishing. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bb1vc6skf-en
On page 49
(Pennycook, 2012), which estimated the impact of the Living Wage on company-level wage bills.
On page 32
Pennycook, M. (2012) What price a Living Wage? Understanding the impact of a living wage on firmlevel wage bills. Institute for Public Policy Research and Resolution Foundation. Available at: http://www.nao.org.uk/press-releases/department-for-communities-and-local-governmentcase-study-on-integration-measuring-the-costs-and-benefits-of-whole-place-communitybudgets-2/
On page 49
The report quoted research undertaken by the National Institute for Economic and Social Research (NIESR) (Riley, 2013), which suggested that a compulsory Living Wage could result in a net loss of 160,000 jobs in the economy.
On page 31
Riley, R. (2013) Modelling demand for low skilled/low paid labour: Exploring the employment tradeoffs of a Living Wage, Discussion Paper No. 404. National Institute of Economic and Social Research. Available at: http://niesr.ac.uk/publications/modelling-demand-low-skilledlow-paidlabour-exploring-employment-trade-offs-living-wage#.VA7oUGN6Vco
On page 49